Names for God


names2There are many different names in the Bible given to God.  The most frequently used names are YHWH, as Yahweh (6,800 times); Elohim (2,600 times);  Adonai (439 times); and El (238 times).  Many of the other names are combinations of these names like El Shaddai, El Eloah, and Yahweh Elohim.  The most common names for God in the Hebrew and Protestant Bibles are Ha-Shem and Jehovah.  Below are a few of the names given to God in the Bible.


  • Elohim – “God” (plural) as in the Creator  (Genesis 1:1).
  • El Elyon – “God (singular) Most High” (Genesis 14:18-20).
  • El Roi – “God Who Sees” (Genesis 16:13-14).
  • El Shaddai – “God Almighty” or “God the All-Sufficient One”; (Genesis 17:2-3).
  • Yahweh – found in Scripture as the consonants YHWH, known as the “Tetragramaton” is God’s holy Covenant name.  The letters  form a word or words from the verb “to be” and most scholars translate it as “I AM who I AM” or “I will be who I will be”, or “the Self-Existent One: (Exodus 3:13-14).
  • Adonai – “Lord” (LORD, all in capital letters is a substitution out of reverence for God’s covenant name “Yahweh”): (Exodus 4:10-12).
  • Yahweh-jireh – “Yahweh will provide” or “I AM will provide”: (Genesis 22:11-14).
  • Yahweh-rapha – “Yahweh who heals”: (Exodus 15:26).
  • Yahweh–nissi – “Yahweh My Banner”: (Exodus 17:16).
  • Yahweh-mekoddishkem – “Yahweh Who Sanctifies You”: (Exodus 31:12).
  • Yahweh-shalom  Yahweh is Peace”: (Judges 6:22-24).
  • Yahweh-sabaoth – “Yahweh of Hosts” (the “hosts” are the army of angels who serve God): (Psalm 46:7); (Psalms 22:10).  
  • Yahweh-raah – “Yahweh My Shepherd”:.(Psalms 23:1).
  • Yahweh-tsidkenu – “Yahweh Our Saving Justice”: (Jeremiah 23:5-6).



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